Bull Money Spread

profit and loss

A look at the table below illustrates all the parameters of the deep-in-the-money bull call spread versus a traditional covered call at expiration. Options trading entails significant risk and is not appropriate for all investors. Before trading options, please read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options. Supporting documentation for any claims, if applicable, will be furnished upon request. A call option is a contract that gives the option buyer the right to buy an underlying asset at a specified price within a specific time period. The bullish call spread can limit the losses of owning stock, but it also caps the gains.


Since a https://forex-world.net/ put spread involves writing a put optionthat has a higher strike price than that of the long call options, the trade typically generates a credit at the start. The investor pays a premium for buying the put option but also gets paid a premium for selling a put option at a higher strike price than that of the one he purchased. Deep ITM Bull Put Spreads achieve their maximum profit potential when the underlying stock closes at or below the short strike price by expiration.

The options trader employing this strategy hopes that the price of the underlying security goes up far enough that the written put options expire worthless. The stock price can be at or above the higher strike price, below the higher strike price but not below the lower strike price or below the lower strike price. If the stock price is at or above the higher strike price, then both puts in a bull put spread expire worthless and no stock position is created. If the stock price is below the higher strike price but not below the lower strike price, then the short put is assigned and a long stock position is created. If the stock price is below the lower strike price, then the short put is assigned and the long put is exercised.

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Bull Call Spread Example

A bull put credit spread is entered when the seller believes the price of the underlying asset will be above the short put option’s strike price on or before the expiration date. Bull put spreads are also known as put credit spreads because they collect a credit when the trade is entered. The risk is limited to the width of the spread minus the credit received. The break-even price for the bull put credit spread is the short strike price minus the net credit received. Time decay and decreased implied volatility will also help the position become profitable.


A https://forexarticles.net/ spread is a bullish options strategy using either two puts, or two calls with the same underlying asset and expiration. Should the underlying asset fall to less than the strike price, the holder will not buy the stock but will lose the value of the premium at expiration. If the share price moves above the strike price the holder may decide to purchase shares at that price but are under no obligation to do so. Again, in this scenario, the holder would be out the price of the premium. A vertical spread involves the simultaneous buying and selling of options of the same type and expiry, but at different strike prices. Before expiration, if the call spread purchase becomes profitable the investor is free to sell the spread in the marketplace to realize this gain.

The options you bought in Leg A will be in the money and worth approximately $2 each for a total of $200. The ones you wrote in Leg B will be out of the money and worthless. Taking into account your initial investment of $150, you have made a total profit of around $50. The options you bought in Leg A will be in the money and worth approximately $3 each for a total of $300. The ones you wrote in Leg B will be at the money and worthless.

Hedging a Bull Put Credit Spread

You can https://bigbostrade.com/ your position at any time prior to expiration if you want to take your profits at a particular point, or cut your losses. To limit risk, a short call spread will express a bearish view. In this case, the profit is limited so long as the price moves above the strike price of the option and the premium paid.

  • Additionally, Jorge sells an out-of-the-money call option for a premium of $2.
  • The bull call spread and the bear put spread are debit spreads, because premiums are paid.
  • If the stock price has moved down, a bear put debit spread could be added at the same strike price and expiration as the bull call spread.
  • For example the outlook on a particular stock could be ‘moderately bullish’ or ‘moderately bearish’.
  • Once you purchase a long call or put, you can expect that your option is going to lose a little bit of value every day until expiration, all other things being equal.

To hedge the bull call spread, purchase a bear put debit spread at the same strike price and expiration as the bull call spread. This would create a long butterfly and allow the position to profit if the underlying price continues to decline. The additional debit spread will cost money and extend the break-even points. A bull call spread consists of buying-to-open a call option and selling-to-open a call option at a higher strike price, with the same expiration date. Selling the higher call option will help reduce the overall cost to enter the trade and define the risk while limiting the profit potential. A bull call debit spread is a multi-leg, risk-defined, bullish strategy with limited profit potential.

Bull call debit spread payoff diagram

This strategy is deployed by selling ATM put options while buying an equal number of OTM put options of the same underlying and same expiry. While deploying this strategy, a net credit of the Premium will occur, or payment will be received on setting up this strategy. Because a bull call spread involves the selling of an option, the money required for the strategy is less than buying a call option outright. A complete loss occurs anywhere below the lower purchased call strike price ($52.50) which amounts to the entire premium paid of $42. This is because at expiration, if the stock price is anywhere below $52.50, whether it be $20 or $52.49, the spread strategy will expire worthless.

Amongst all the spread strategies, the bull call spread is one the most popular one. The strategy comes handy when you have a moderately bullish view on the stock/index. Quantitative Perspective – The stock is consistently trading between the 1st standard deviation both ways (+1 SD & -1 SD), exhibiting a consistent mean reverting behavior. However there has been a sudden decline in the stock price, so much so that the stock price is now at the 2nd standard deviation.

However, some brokerages, like Robinhood, call it a put credit spread. Instead, if we bought a bull call spread which would involve buying the $230 call and selling the $240 call the trade would cost $878 and have a profit potential of $122. As a result, in order to generate the same amount of income from your bull put spreads, you will need to place your strikes closer to the current stock price. When trading bull put spreads it’s important to know your maximum risk and potential profits.

Before assignment occurs, the risk of assignment can be eliminated in two ways. First, the entire spread can be closed by selling the long call to close and buying the short call to close. Alternatively, the short call can be purchased to close and the long call can be kept open. A bull put spread, which is an options strategy, is utilized by an investor when he believes the underlying stock will exhibit a moderate increase in price.


If the bull call spread is done so that both the sold and bought calls expire on the same day, it is a vertical debit call spread. A bull call spread rises in price as the stock price rises and declines as the stock price falls. Also, because a bull call spread consists of one long call and one short call, the net delta changes very little as the stock price changes and time to expiration is unchanged.

An estimate of how much might be lost is expressed in the “Greek” measure known as Theta. If the stock price is between 145 and 155 at expiration, only the long call expires in-the-money, resulting in a position of +100 shares for the call spread buyer. Max profit in a bull call spread is the difference between strike A and strike B minus the net premium paid.

You’ll also need to choose what strike to use when writing the calls, and a good rule of thumb is to use the price that you expect the underlying security to rise to. You should bear in mind that the strike of the contracts you write affects the potential profitability of this strategy. The higher the strike, the more you can make from the price of the underlying security going up.

While it might be tempting to hold the spread and hope that the stock rises and stays above the short put, the risks are high that things end badly. The risk is highest if the stock is short put is in the money. The important thing to be aware of is that early assignment generally happens when a short option is in-the-money. Usually early assignment only occurs on call options when there is an upcoming dividend payment.

We’ve devoted a number of pieces in our options education series to the covered call strategy in its various forms and iterations, and today we’re going to add one more twist to the list. To profit from a gradual price rise in the underlying stock. An out of the money option has no intrinsic value, but only possesses extrinsic or time value. Deep ITM Bull Put Spreads are not significantly affected by Time Decay as the erosion of extrinsic value on the long legs are offset by the erosion of extrinsic value on the short leg.